Posted November 9, 2018

October 2018 produce price index rises

The Producer Price Index (PPI) for final demand rose 0.6 percent in October, seasonally adjusted, the  U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Final demand energy prices had the largest effect.

Final demand prices advanced 0.2 percent in  September and declined 0.1 percent in August. (See table A.) On an unadjusted basis, the final demand index increased 2.9 percent for the 12 months ended in October.

In October, over 60 percent of the rise in final demand prices can be traced to a 0.7-percent advance in the index for final demand services. Prices for final demand goods moved up 0.6  percent.

The index for final demand less foods, energy, and trade services rose 0.2 percent in October after climbing 0.4 percent in September. For the 12 months ended in October, prices for final demand less foods, energy, and trade services advanced 2.8 percent. 

Final  demand
Final demand services: The index for final demand services increased 0.7 percent in October, the largest advance since climbing 0.8 percent in January 2016.

Nearly three-fourths of the broad-based October rise can be traced to margins for final demand trade services, which moved up 1.6 percent. (Trade indexes measure changes in margins received by wholesalers and retailers.) Prices for final demand services less trade, transportation, and warehousing and for final demand transportation and warehousing services increased 0.2 percent and 0.6 percent, respectively.

Product detail: About one-fifth of the October advance in prices for final demand services is attributable to a 1.2-percent rise in margins for machinery, equipment, parts, and supplies wholesaling. The indexes for food and alcohol retailing; health, beauty, and optical goods retailing; inpatient care; apparel, jewelry, footwear, and accessories retailing; and traveler accommodation services also moved higher. In contrast, prices for loan services (partial) fell 0.5 percent. The indexes for hospital outpatient care and furniture retailing also declined. (See table 4.)

Final demand goods: The index for final demand goods climbed 0.6 percent in October, the largest rise since advancing 0.9 percent in May. Nearly three-fourths of the October increase can be traced to prices for final demand energy, which moved up 2.7 percent. The index for final demand foods rose 1.0 percent. Prices for final demand goods less foods and energy were unchanged. 

Product detail: Over 60 percent of the October increase in prices for final demand goods is attributable to the gasoline index, which jumped 7.6 percent. Prices for diesel fuel, fresh and dry vegetables, beef and veal, cigarettes, and jet fuel also moved higher. Conversely, the motor vehicles index fell 0.7 percent.

In accordance with usual practice, most new-model-year passenger car and light motor trucks were introduced into the PPI in October. See Report on Quality Changes for 2019 Model Vehicles at Prices for liquefied petroleum (LP) gas and for fresh fruits and melons also decreased. 

Read the complete report